One of the most popular recreational devices on the market right now is the mountain bike. It is the perfect mix of exploratory potential, physical activity, and nimbleness. These bikes have been innovated and changed for decades but stemmed primarily from British efforts in the 1960s at the sport. Differ competitions have sprung up from simple cross terrain or cross mountain several mile tours to the more strenuous and dangerous extreme downhill biking feats that push both rider and technology to the breaking point, sometimes literally, although modern safety equipment like the full helmet has minimized this potential.
The explosion of the mountain bike can be traced to the first real all terrain bike developed by the company Specialized called the Stumpjumper in 1981. From here, all manner of previously only road bike production companies began to invest in what was quickly becoming a suburban sport. Throughout to 1980s and up to today, there has been a growing interest in this category of bikes, both as a serious sport and as a recreational activity.
There are a few major specializations of the regular mountain bike. All of the specializations are made will functionality at the forefront of the mind in the creation process. One of the primary hazards to the sport is the rough terrain. Initially this was countered by creating a more rugged and hearty frame that was less liable to be bent at the whim of a single rock. However, this was soon to be discovered not enough. Suspension began to play a major part in this sport as you are consistently bouncing off of everything in your path. For this reason the front fork suspension was created and is ubiquitously used on the mountain bike today.
After the development of the front suspension, it was several years before the development of the rear suspension. The Y frame was the answer the question and placed a large coil compression spring between the frame and the rear tire would provided some cushion if the bike were to leave the ground. However, it was discovered that this frame and suspension point was an inefficient use of the bikers potential as much of the downward force of pedaling was absorbed by the suspension of the bike. Continuous innovation brought about, as recently as 2006, the five point invisible pivot point suspension which resembles the modern solid frame bike with some pivoting points around the rear tire that create the actual capacity to move. The development of the rear suspension system has greatly advanced the potential for vertical drops in the mountain bike without breaking while simultaneously providing increased comfort to the rider.
The different suspension packages have rolled into different terminologies for the options of the mountain bike. The first option is a soft tail bike, which means there is a rear and front suspension; this is sometimes referred to as a full suspension bike. Second there is the hard tail bike, which is a bike with front suspension, but without rear suspension. Why wouldn’t you want to always choose the comfort of the rear suspension? Well, depending on the circumstances it might not be the most efficient use of your pedaling power. Although breakthroughs have been made the transfer is not 100% as of yet. Mountain bike parts are available online, or at your local bike shop.
With all of the advantages of a mountain bike is no wonder that is has been and continues to gain popularity with children and adults around the world as an efficient physical way to get around town or around the mountainside.